The cabinet of ministers on Wednesday, September 25 positively notified a draft law which provides for a list of objects for which private guard is banned. Prime Minister Maia Sandu requested, at the beginning of the mandate, that the state institutions should no longer be guarded by private security companies, after she took note of the investigation published by the Center of Investigative Journalism in Moldova (CIJM).
The project provides a list of objects that will not be guarded by private security companies. The ministries and organizational structures within their sphere of competence, central administrative authorities subordinated to the government, including the public institutions financed from the state budget, the objects for the preservation and stocking or weapons, ammunitions, explosives and radioactive substances were included in the list.
Also, the guard by private security companies of the objects for the preservation and stocking of drugs, psychotropic substances and their precursors (excepting private medical institutions and drug stores), law courts and General Prosecutor’s Office, as well as of the state enterprises and/or commercial societies with state capital and commercial companies where the state holds majority stake in the registered share capital will be prohibited.
Private detective and guard companies did not have right to provide services for the state institutions by 2016. After the fall of the communist government, the former Minister of Economy Valeriu Lazar promoted the idea that the private security companies should be granted the right to guard the state institutions, but it was not supported by the former PM Vlad Filat, and the Interior Minister of that period Dorin Recean.
After the arrest of Vlad Filat, in the autumn of 2015, the then president of the National Security Commission, Veaceslav Untila, re-tabled in the Parliament's agenda the issue of amendments to the legislation regarding the activity of private detective and security companies. On December 10, 2015, the Parliament amended the law so that private companies were entitled to guard any state object, except for the National Bank of Moldova, as well as the storehouses for weapons and ammunition or radioactive, toxic and dangerous substances. On June 17, 2016, the Government headed by Pavel Filip repealed the list of objects whose security cannot be performed by private security companies.
Last spring, the CIJM published an investigation that revealed that 2 private companies out of over 100 that provide security and detective services have won, for several years, advantageous tenders for the security of state institutions. One of the companies belongs to an offshore company, affiliated to the former leader of the PDM, Vladimir Plahotniuc, and the other one is owned by a former policeman, who would have ties with the criminal authority Vladimir Moscalciuc, alias Makena. These companies, though targeted in dubious schemes, torture files, abusive interceptions and other serious acts, are free to guard public institutions, including judicial institutions, despite legal prohibitions.